Doing Business in Poland: A Comprehensive Guide

by | Nov 21, 2023 | Business | 0 comments

Poland is a rapidly growing economy with a strong track record of stability and growth. In recent years, it has become increasingly attractive to foreign investors, thanks to its favorable business environment and strategic location in the heart of Europe. If you are considering doing business in Poland, this comprehensive guide will provide you with the information you need to make informed decisions.

Why Poland?

There are many reasons why Poland is an attractive destination for businesses. Here are just a few:

  • Large and growing market: Poland has a population of over 38 million people, making it the largest market in Central and Eastern Europe. The country’s economy is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, providing ample opportunities for businesses of all sizes.

  • Strategic location: Poland is located in the heart of Europe, making it a convenient base for doing business with both the EU and Eastern Europe. The country has a well-developed transportation infrastructure, including a network of highways and railways.

  • Skilled and affordable labor force: Poland has a well-educated and experienced workforce that is relatively affordable compared to other EU countries. The country also has a strong tradition of vocational education, which ensures a steady supply of skilled workers.

  • Favorable business environment: The Polish government has implemented a number of reforms in recent years to make it easier for businesses to operate. The country has a low corporate tax rate and a transparent regulatory framework.
Types of Businesses in Poland

There are a number of different types of businesses that can operate in Poland. The most common type of business is a limited liability company (spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością, or Sp. z o.o.). This type of company is relatively easy to form and requires a minimum share capital of PLN 5,000 (approximately EUR 1,100).

Other types of businesses that can be formed in Poland include:

  • Joint stock companies (spółki akcyjne, or SA)
  • Sole proprietorships (jednoosobowe działalności gospodarcze)
  • Partnerships (spółki cywilne)
How to Start a Business in Poland

The process of starting a business in Poland is relatively straightforward. The following steps are involved:

  1. Choose a business structure: The first step is to choose a legal structure for your business. The most common type of business in Poland is a limited liability company (Sp. z o.o.).

2. Register your business: Once you have chosen a business structure, you need to register your business with the Polish National Court Register (Krajowy Rejestr Sądowy, or KRS). This can be done online or in person at a KRS office.

3. Obtain a tax identification number (NIP): You will need to obtain a tax identification number (NIP) from the Polish Tax Office (Urząd Skarbowy) in order to operate your business in Poland.

4. Open a bank account: You will need to open a bank account in order to manage your business finances.

Additional Considerations

In addition to the above, there are a number of other considerations that you will need to take into account when doing business in Poland. These include:

  • Employment law: Poland has a comprehensive employment law framework that you will need to comply with.

  • Taxation: Poland has a relatively complex tax system, so it is advisable to seek professional advice from a qualified accountant.

  • Intellectual property: Poland has a strong intellectual property protection regime. You will need to take steps to protect your intellectual property rights, such as registering trademarks and patents.


Poland is a promising market for businesses of all sizes. With its large and growing economy, strategic location, skilled and affordable workforce, and favorable business environment, Poland is an attractive destination for foreign investors. If you are considering doing business in Poland, this guide will